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The Mysteries and Legends of Cappadocia's Underground Cities


Cappadocia, located in central Turkey, is known for its unique landscapes, ancient rock-cut churches, and most of all, its underground cities. These subterranean structures were carved out of soft volcanic rock over thousands of years and served as a refuge for the local people during times of war and persecution. In this guide, we will explore the mysteries and legends of Cappadocia’s underground cities.

The History of Cappadocia’s Underground Cities

Cappadocia’s underground cities were first built by the Hittites in the 12th century BC and were expanded over time by subsequent civilizations, including the Persians, Greeks, and Romans. The underground cities were carved out of the soft tuff rock that makes up much of the region’s landscape and were used as hiding places by the early Christians to avoid persecution. The underground cities could house up to thousands of people and had all the necessary amenities, such as ventilation shafts, kitchens, and water wells.

The Mysteries of Cappadocia’s Underground Cities

Despite extensive research and excavation, many mysteries still surround Cappadocia’s underground cities. One of the most intriguing is the mystery of the ventilation shafts, which are thought to have served multiple purposes, including air circulation, water drainage, and even communication between different levels of the city. Another mystery is the purpose of the many underground tunnels that connect the cities, which some believe were used for smuggling goods or escaping from enemies.

The Legends of Cappadocia’s Underground Cities

Cappadocia’s underground cities are steeped in legends and folklore. One legend tells of a hidden treasure that was buried in the underground city of Derinkuyu by a group of early Christians to protect it from the invading armies. Another legend tells of a secret tunnel that connects the underground city of Kaymakli to the nearby castle of Uchisar, which was used by the local people to escape from their enemies during times of war.

Exploring Cappadocia’s Underground Cities

Today, visitors to Cappadocia can explore some of the region’s underground cities, which have been preserved and opened to the public. Some of the most popular underground cities to visit include Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, and Ozkonak. Visitors can explore the many levels and rooms of these underground cities, which offer a glimpse into the past and the incredible engineering skills of the ancient inhabitants.


Cappadocia’s underground cities are an intriguing and mysterious part of the region’s history. From the legends and folklore that surround them to the engineering marvels that they represent, these underground cities offer a unique glimpse into the past. So why not take a trip to Cappadocia and explore the mysteries and legends of the region’s underground cities? You’re sure to come away with a newfound appreciation for the ancient civilizations that once called this region home.

Cappadocia Taxi

Welcome to, your premier transportation solution in the heart of Turkey’s historical wonder, Cappadocia. Specializing in airport transfers, we ensure a seamless travel experience from the moment you land to the final stop on your itinerary. Our dedicated fleet of vehicles offers comfort, reliability, and style as you traverse the scenic landscapes and enchanting terrains of Cappadocia. Whether you're arriving in Göreme, exploring the pottery town of Avanos, marveling at the panoramic views from Uçhisar Castle, delving into the underground city of Kaymaklı, or indulging in the charm of Ürgüp, our experienced drivers will transport you with professionalism and care. Sit back, relax, and let be your trusted companion on your journey through this captivating region.

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